(Reading Skill, Grammer, Vocabulary, Note-making and Summary)
A1. Choose -
Choose two sentence that appropriately mention the theme of the passage :
(i) The extract deals with the techniques to scare the birds away.
(ii) The extract depicts how parrots make holes on the tree trunks.
(iii) The extract depicts the writer’s love towards the birds.
(iv) The extract deals with the activities of different birds.
Ans. (iii) The extract depicts the writer’s love towards the birds.
(iv) The extract deals with the activities of different birds.
Search for food
Squeeze the milk from the tender rice
Flock of parrots
Match the pairs of the words in column 'A' with their meanings in column 'B'. 
(a) connected with farming.
(b) attract the attention
(c) hanging freely
(d) pressing firmly.
A. 5. Personal response: 
Suggest two measures to increase the number of birds.
Ans. (i) Avoid using mobile phones, to reduce the number of mobile towers and radiation emitted from them, which directly affecting the lives of birds.
(ii) Plant more trees to increase the accommodation facility for birds. As they can build their nest on them.
Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed:
(i) The paddy is ripe enough to harvest.
[Remove 'enough' and rewrite the sentence]
Ans. (i) The paddy is ripe much to harvest.
(ii) How beautiful the sight was!
[Rewrite as an assertive sentence.
Ans. The sight was very beautiful.
Do as directed:-
(1) When earthquake strikes, world trembles. (Insert appropriate articles wherever necessary and rewrite it)
Ans. When an earthquake strikes, the world trembles.
(2) I spent my holiday ______ some friends ______ a wooden house. (Fill in the blanks with appropriate prepositions)
Ans. I spent my holiday with some friends in a wooden house.
(3) Radha said to the teacher, "I feel very happy to help my mother at home" (Change in into indirect speech)
Ans. Radha told to the teacher that she feels very happy to help her mother at home.
(i) Both India and maharashtra can progress if they have different interest.
(ii) Hard work is the only way to build the future of India and Maharashtra.
(iii) The sacrifice of the best and grand in Maharashtra will be made for the state of Maharashtra.
(iv) In times of great calamity the Sahyadri will protect the Himalayas, like a shield.
(i) The interest of Maharashtra and that of India should be one for the progress of Maharashtra state, because .........................
Ans. The interest of Maharashtra and that of India should be one for the progress of Maharashtra state, because India and Maharashtra can only progress when there is oneness of interest.
(ii) Maharashtra depends on India, because .......................
Ans. Maharashtra depends on India, because its greatness depends on the greatness of India.
The name of the mountain
The name of the mountain
The snowy Himalayas with the highest mountain ranges symbolise India.
With the blackest rock structure and with 200 - 300 inches rainfall symbolise Maharashtra.
Give antonyms of the following words by adding prefixes:
Ans. (i) ingratitude
Give your suggestions that will help the people to make Maharashtra prosperous.
Ans. My grandfather used to say that once in your life you need a doctor, a lawyer, a policeman and a preacher, but every day, three times a day, you need a farmer. So helping farmers we can make Maharashtra prosperous.
Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed:
(i) India and Maharashtra can progress only when there is oneness of interest. [Rewrite is using 'unless']
Ans. Unless there is oneness of interest India and Maharashtra cannot progress.
(ii) This state of Maharashtra will work for the betterment of the common people of Maharashtra.
[Rewrite it using modal auxiliary showing 'obligation']
Ans. This state of Maharashtra must work for the betterment of common people of Maharashtra.
Ans. Note - Making.
(1) Location : Somnathpur (Somnathpura)
(2) Year : 1268 A.D.
(3) Built by : Hoyasalas of karnataka
(4) Captivates with : The beauty and vitality of its detailed sculpture, covering almost every inch of the walls, pillars and even ceilings.
(5) Structural features:
(i) Three Shikhars.
(ii) Star - Shaped platform with 24 edges.
(iii) Outer wall carvings,caparisoned elephants
Charging horsemen, stylized flowers and warriors.
(iv) Nymphs - Symbol of plenty of prosperity.
A1. Table -
Complete the stable with the information from the passage : (2)
Bumble bee - Bee Fly
Wasp - Hoverfly
Bumble bee - Bee Fly
Body colour and hums sound
Beefly does not have a sting & hence it harmless.
Wasp - Hoverfly
Body colour (yellow & black stripes)
Hoverflies do not have stings and they have only pair of wings each while wasps have two pairs each.
‘Nature has given self-protection mechanism to insects’.
Find out at least two examples from the passage to prove this statement.
Ans. The examples from the passage to prove the statement- 'Nature has given self-protection mechanism to insects’ are :
(i) By having body colour close to those of the rocks and dried leaves, they can escape from being pursued by the predators.
(ii) Possessing wings which resemble dried leaves help certain butterflies and moths to hide among heaps of dried leaves when predators are around.
Find the words from the passage for :
(i) animal or bird that hunts other for food
(ii) to get free from danger
(iii) to prevent something from harming
(iv) to make a copy
Ans. (i) predators
‘Soldiers disguise themselves to prevent enemies to spot them’.
Give two more examples when the disguising technique is used by humans.
Ans. The examples of the disguising technique used by humans are:
1. A celebrity may go 'incognito' in order to avoid unwelcome press attention.
2. Some people often disguise themselves as somebody else to avoid being recognized. Examples include dressing as a peddler in order to avoid being spotted.
Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed :
(i) They have only one pair of wings.
(Make it negative without changing the meaning)
Ans. (i) They do not have two pair of wings.
(ii) Insects have already adopted the tactic of disguise to escape from the clutches of their predators. (Replace infinitive with gerund and rewrite)
Ans. (ii) Insects have already adopted the tactic of disguise for escaping from the clutches of their predators.
Ans. The Deceptive marking
The power of nature is incredible. Nature has given insects the art of disguise naturally like having body column or possessing wings which resembles dried leaves or rocks. So that they can escape from being pursued by the predators. Soldiers use Camouflage technique so that they can hide themselves in the jungle area and their enemies could not spot them easily and attack. Camouflage is used by soldiers in order to protect them from the enemies and also to be safe from the insects who are camouflaging in the jungle in between the rocks, trees, shrubs and dried leaves. The assimilation of insects is done as their bright body colour and shapes so that they appear dangerous and hence ward them off. There are several similarities and differences between bee fly, bumblebee, hoverfly, wasp and other insects. The need of imitation in insects is required because there variations are hardly noticed by the predators and it helps them to escape.
‘Peace is a woman ?’
Name and explain the figure of speed in the above line.
Ans. The figure of speech is :
Personification – Peace is given a human quality of being a woman.
Suggest two solutions to avoid wars.
Ans. (1) Unfortunately, by the time that conflict arises and there is a threat of war, the nations or groups involved have usually already made significant progress on this path. More attention needs to be given to developing and implementing prevention strategies that remove the conditions for conflict and war.
(2) Adopting preventative strategies based on cooperative ventures with mutual benefits is invaluable, and would help us to make the world a safer place to live. It must be hoped that world leaders will draw upon the recommendations from social psychology.
Compose two poetic lines titled “Say ‘no’ to wars”.
Ans. “Say ‘no’ to wars”
Say no to wars, wars cannot yield anything to us,
But, it destroys everything from us,
the love, Children, parents friends and wives,
So, Say no to wars.
State whether the following statements are true or false :
(i) The boys had kept water in the cage for the lark.
(ii) The daisy had a desire to console the poor lark.
(iii) The lark was reminded of its lost liberty.
(iv) The daisy did not want to go into the lark’s cage.
Ans. (i) False
Write an imaginary paragraph in about 50 words to give a different ending to the above extract.
Ans. The poor lark felt that the daisy should have accompanied him so that the lark and the daisy could go around everywhere together and would have a lot of fun. Poor lark just wanted to enjoy his life by flying over everywhere not alone but with his beloved daisy. They wanted to spend good time together.
Complete the following sentences :
(i) Mrs. Green couldn’t stand Mr. Green, because ________.
(ii) The relationship between Mrs. Green and her father ________.
(iii) Mrs. Green cousin lived in ________.
(iv) Miss. Kellner convinced the narrator’s mother that the skeleton was of Mrs. Green, because ______.
Ans. (i) because he was a lady-killer, but not a real killer
(ii) was never very close
(iii) West Africa
(iv) because she suddenly had disappeared when the skeleton was found
Convert the above dialogue into a story form in about 50 words.
Ans. The pink lady was actually Mrs Green who suddenly disappeared to West Africa to her cousin’s place because Mrs Green was a philanderer and always loved hanging around with different ladies who was unfortunately her husband. So she never loved him. Mrs Green after returning back was staying with Padre
Dutt but just to remember old days she wanted to stay in the hotel for 2 to 3 days.
Write any ONE of the following letters : (4)
(1) Write a letter to The Chief Officer, Road Transport Authorities, drawing his attention to the problem of frequent traffic jams in your locality suggesting some solutions for the problem.
7G, Rainbow Colony,
M.G. Road, Nana Peth,
Pune City- 441 002.
14th July 2013
The Chief Officer,
Road Transport Authorities,
Subject: Complaint regarding reckless driving by youngsters
I reside at Nanapeth, a locality that has wide roads and broad pavements. Unfortunately, our locality has become a potential danger-zone because of the growing instances of traffic jams. We know that the number of vehicles on the roads is on the rise and that there is no proportional increase in the number of roads. So, traffic jams are bound to happen.
It stretches one’s tolerance to the ultimate limit when buses and autos on this busy road show an appalling disregard for any kind of traffic law. I strongly suggest, on behalf of the residents of this neighbourhood, request you
deploy few such officers on this road, to bring this situation under check. Otherwise there is every chance that our locality will become an accident - prone - zone, where ordinary and innocent citizens will have to think twice before stepping out of their houses.
(2) Your college is 20 km away from your village. You go to the college by S.T. bus, but the bus timings are not convenient for you and other students. Write a letter of complaint to the Depot Manager of your town/city. Suggest some solutions for the problem.
7G, Sonia Apartment,
Mumbai:- 400 017.
7th March, 2014.
The Local Bus Depot
Subject : Inconvenience caused due to very few and lack of timely bus service.
I am a student of ‘The General English High School’ , Dharavi and make use of the bus service on a regular basis for going to and coming from the school. I would like to bring to your attention that in the morning there is a big crowd and most of them choose to travel from taxis, ‘Ola’, ‘Uber’ etc. But everyone cannot afford that much of huge travelling cost. Students who belong to the weaker economic section of society need the bus service as we cannot afford to travel by private vehicles.
The bus service provided by the State Transport bus service is very poor. Most of the time the buses are late and since the number is less, the crows makes a mad rush to get in without observing discipline. Many junior college students and passengers find it a difficult task to board these buses.
My kind request is to inform the authorities to increase the number of bus service in the morning on this route and see that they run in time.
Introduction: Ooty is the queen of Hill with beautiful lakes, rivers, scenery, etc. It is situated in the heart of Tamil Nadu.
i. How to go there: Ooty is well connected with rest of India. One can go to Ooty by the way of Plane, Bus or Train:
Plane: Daily two flights namely IA – 550 and IA – 330 from Mumbai to Ooty are available.
Bus: The State Transport Bus Services and many other private Bus Services are available from Mumbai to Ooty.
Train: There are many trains available which can take you to Ooty. The most convenient is “Mumbai – Ooty Express”
ii. Where to Stay: Accommodation is no problem in Ooty. The Government tourist Hotels and other Big and Small hotels are available to suit everyone's budget.
iii. When to Visit: June to October is the best time of the year to visit Ooty.
iv. What to See: The climate and scenery of Ooty is mind – blowing. It is a well planned hill station with huge roads, parks, theatres, and gardens, there are many interesting places to see like Bull Temple, Lord Ganesh Temple, Dolphin Nose, Flower Garden, Lord Murugan Temple, Palatial Buildings, etc,.
iv. Shopping: Shopping in Ooty is fun. One can buy very traditional and well as modern things from Ooty. Ooty is very famous for woollen clothes.
v. Anything Special As far as food is concerned Ooty is famous for Black tea, Idli, Vada, Sambar, Masala dosa, Idli fry, Prawns fry, Mughal Biryani, etc. The people are very culture oriented and highly intelligent. They give more importance to their education.
(C) Write on any ONE of the following items : (4)
(1) Counter-view -
Read the following View Section and Develop a Counter-View Section in about 120 words :
Law should enforce children to look after their old parents.
Law must step in where values deteriorate.
Grey population has doubled in the last 25 years.
Protection for the elderly persons is a serious concern for the welfare state
The experience of the old people can be fruitful to the younger generation.
Ans. Counter-view :
Elderly persons: A blessing to the society
Your parents are your first…everything. They brought you into this world and hopefully, guided your development into the person you are today with as much love, nurturing and opportunity that they could provide. As said, our first teacher in life are always our parents. No one can ever replace our parents in our life. There is no need of any law to enforce children to take care of their parents in their old age. This is everyone's basic responsibility and this should be innate. A child should himself understand that when we were kids our parents took care of us so it is our responsibility when we grow up to take care of them. If each individual thinks on this whether a daughter or a son would not need any law for the same. In last 25 years, rather than Grey population the number of experienced people has double in the society. Since, we Indians have got our values and cultures from our parents for the protection of elderly persons we do not need any welfare society. The family values learned keep everyone together in the family with all the love and care. We know that the experience of old people is always fruitful to the younger generation but with time the situations and the way to handle these situations have changed. So, not all their experiences & knowledge is useful. But they are an important part of our family and society both.
(2) Information Transfer -
Look at the following web chart and write a short paragraph based on it in about 120 words. Suggest a suitable title :
Ans. Information Transfer :
Communication – The Human connection
Language is a method of human communication, either spoken or written whereas communication is exchanging the information Language & Communication both are interrelated. For better understanding or functioning communication should be clear & concise. Though effective communication is essential, there are several barriers to effective communication. The major issue is language as we know every country or community has a different language when it comes to speaking or understanding it is difficult for the other person. At times, even people speaking same language have difficulty in understanding each other. The second one is time, where in everyone is busy in today's life we hardly get time to talk to each other and on top of that if we are in different countries the time zone also matters. Noise is another barrier as while speaking to anyone if there is any disturbance over the phone, network or internet it interrupts our talks. The next barrier is distance as we all are living in different parts of the world the ways or methods of communication also differs Eg. We call to talk over the phone, message to chat on different sites or may do a video call using skype or other app using internet. The distance impacts these factors & can interrupt our communication like when we talk while travelling. Distraction is another issue which becomes a barrier to effective communication as while talking to a person if we are distracted the communication can go on a different track or may move out of the topic rather than the actual topic. The other problem is discomfort with the topic like in a conversation if the other person is not comfortable to talk about specific topic it may leave the conversation without any conclusion or of no use. Lastly, lack of interest also hampers the communication like if a person is not interested in your talks he may ignore it or might not be attentive or may get half knowledge & all other possibilities. Hence, for an effective communication all these factors matter and should support an individual in a conversation.
Imagine that you are going to interview a Sarpanch of a village, who has been selected for ‘Adarsh Gaon Award.’ Frame a set of 8 to 10 questions to interview him/her. (4)
Ans. Good morning Sir, I am glad that I have got this opportunity to talk to you today so that people can know more about you and ‘Adarsh-Gaon’ since you have been nominated for 'Adarsh Gaon Award'.
Q.1) How are the elections conducted in your village?
Q.2) Who motivated you to participate in the election for the post of ‘Sarpanch’?
Q.3) Who are the other members of your Panchayat samiti?
Q.4) As per you, what is the role of a Panchayat Samiti in a village?
Q.5) What inspired you to bring such changes in your villages that everyone is appreciating today?
Q.6) How is the funding of Gram Panchayat done?
Q.7) How does Government helps a village in making it a ‘Adarsh Gaon’ ?
Q.8) What is the best thing that ever changed in your village ?
Q.9) What were the challenges that you have faced during these years as a Sarpanch?
Q.10) What is an Adarsh Gaon according to you?
Q.11) Where do you see your village in coming three years?
Q.12) Any message you would like to share with other villagers?
Your college has organised an elocution competition. One of the topics therein is ‘Importance of Health’.
Prepare a speech on it in about 100 works with the help of the following points :
• Importance of exercise
• Importance of yoga
• Importance of diet
Ans. Speech writing :
HEALTH IS WEALTH
Good morning to my respected teachers and all my fellow classmates. As we have gathered here to celebrate this auspicious occasion, I would like to speech over health is wealth. As we all know about the common saying that health is wealth but I do not think that we follow this proverb in our daily life to get maintained. Everyone of us knows well that a good health lead to the good way however no one of us take care of the health. If we are not living in discipline and following nature’s rule, we can never become healthy in the life and never reach to the success.
We have given two legs and two hands to walk and do work however if we are not using our organs accordingly in proper way, it is our fault which lead us towards failure. Most of the people spend their whole day and night just by sitting or lying on bed for most of the days of week and months. They are just like fish without swimming and birds without fly. Can you imagine that what will happen if fishes do not swim or birds do not fly, most commonly they easily would be food of big animals and slowly their species would get destroyed. In this way, people having more comfort in their life cannot be so healthy.
Some decades ago, people were strong and healthy because they were used to walk for long distance and they have to perform every household chores own. In the recent decades, the growth of technologies in very fast manner has decreased the man efforts in every walk of life. Earlier, the life of our grandparents was good and their livelihood was very healthy because of the hunting, farming, ploughing, harvesting, planting, walking, running, etc. Now-a-days, almost every people of any age group suffer from one or more diseases (like high blood pressure, heart attack, gout, stress-related disease, etc) from the starting of life.
In order to keep ourselves healthy physically, mentally, emotionally, socially and intellectually, we need to be active on daily basis including well maintained diet, exercises, positive thinking and follow good habits. We need to be disciplined in every walk of life.