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An Astrologer’s Day HSC English Textbook Solution [Cahpter 1]


(Q1)

Discuss with your partner and complete the activity. What are your strengths?

Strengths Why do you feel so? Dream Career
painting and drawing can visualise, express commercial artist, cartoonist
................................. ................................. .............................................
................................. ................................. .............................................
................................. ................................... ...........................................
Answer:-
Strengths Why do you feel so? Dream Career
painting and drawing can visualise, express commercial artist, cartoonist
writing and communication have an open mind, can communicate precisely author, editor, copywriter, journalist
cooking and baking love to cook and experiment can bake well chef, baker
read, research and experiment have a knack to discover obscure knowledge and go to the core of concepts scientist, research scholar
(Q2)

The scene in a local market of a village/town/city is very attractive. People with different occupations sell their wares. Discuss with your partner the variety of activities at the local market.

  1. selling flowers, selling grocery
  2. ________________________________
  3. ________________________________
  4. ________________________________
  5. ________________________________
Answer:-
  1. selling flowers, selling grocery
  2. savouries and snacks shops
  3. amusement games
  4. soothsayers and card readers
  5. traditional medicine stalls
(Q3)

In a village /town /city it is quite a common sight to see an astrologer sitting by the roadside with his professional equipment.

Discuss with your partner and list the requirements for his trade.

  1. parrot, cards, etc.
  2. ________________________________
  3. ________________________________
  4. ________________________________
  5. ________________________________
Answer:-
  1. parrot, cards, etc.
  2. cowrie shells
  3. charts
  4. manuscripts
  5. utensils of religious significance
(Q4)
  1. There are certain unreasonable beliefs among people living in our society.

    Certain common events are linked with superstitions. List such events, discuss the superstitions linked with them, and the means of their eradication.

  2. Acat crossing your path
  3. ________________________________
  4. ________________________________
  5. ________________________________
  6. ________________________________
Answer:-

1. A cat crossing your path

  • Explanation: if a cat, especially a black cat crosses your path, it is considered to be a sign that something bad is about to occur to you.
  • Means of eradication: educate the believers that it is just a cat and like any other animal it roams freely. Moreover, tell people that the above belief holds no logic.

2. Do not sweep or cut nails after sunset

  • Explanation: doing these activities after sunset invites some unwelcome misfortune into your life.
  • Means of eradication: educate people that sweeping or cutting nails are independent activities and have nothing to do with any particular time of the day.

3. Hanging lemon and seven green chilies

  • Explanation: it is believed that hanging lemon and seven green chilies on doors and vehicles wards off misfortune and bad luck.
  • Means of eradication: educate people that good deeds bring good fortune. So, lemons and chilies are better off as food ingredients.

4. Do not stand or sit under the Peepal tree at the night

  • Explanation: standing or sitting under the peepal tree at night, invites ghosts and evil spirits.
  • Means of eradication: educate people that plants maintain a balance in nature. Apart from oxygen, they provide shelter to numerous animals, birds, and protect them. Plants possibly do more good to us than anything evil.

5. An itchy left palm

  • Explanation: an itchy left palm indicates that money would flow in
  • Means of eradication: educate people that money is best earned and expected out of hard work and good investments. It is better to rely on such proven and tested sources of income than waiting for a palm to get itchy.
(Q5)

(A1) | Q 1.1) 

Given below is description. Discuss it with your partner and find out one word of it.

The scientific study of the universe and the objects in it, including stars,planets, nebulae and galaxies

Answer:-

The scientific study of the universe and the objects in it, including stars,planets, nebulae and galaxies - Astronomy

(Q6)

(A1) | Q 1.2) 

Given below is description. Discuss it with your partner and find out one word of it.

The study of the movements of the planets, Sun, Moon, and Stars in thebelief that these movements can have an influence on people's lives

Answer:-

The study of the movements of the planets, Sun, Moon, and Stars in the belief that these movements can have an influence on people's lives - Astrology

(Q7)

(A1) | Q 1.3) 

Given below is a description. Discuss it with your partner and find out one word of it.

A prediction of what will happen in the future

Answer:-

A prediction of what will happen in the future - Prophec

(Q8)

(A1) | Q 1.4) 

Given below is a description. Discuss it with your partner and find out one word of it.

Scientific discipline that studies mental states and processes and behaviour in humans and other animals

Answer:-

Scientific discipline that studies mental states and processes and behaviour in humans and other animals - Psycholog

(Q9)

(A1) | Q 2)

n the story, we are told that the Town Hall Park was a remarkable place in many ways for an astrologer to build his business.

Discuss it in a group and list the exceptional qualities of the place.

A surging crowd

________________

________________

________________

________________

________________

Answer:-
  1. a surging crowd
  2. shoppers in large numbers
  3. a variety of traders
  4. people with various occupations
  5. access to faint light from nearby shops at night
  6. it was a bustling market-place
(Q10)

(A1) | Q 3)

The astrologer never opened his mouth till the other had spoken for at least ten minutes. Discuss the reasons behind his act.

  1. He is good at reading the people.
  2. __________________________________
  3. __________________________________
  4. __________________________________
Answer:-
  1. he is good at reading the people
  2. he needs to buy time to frame his answers to the questions of his clients
  3. he uses the time to weigh the client’s concerns against the working analysis of human problems that he is an expert at
  4. he possibly takes his time to impress on the client that he is working hard to resolve the latter’s problem
(Q11)

 (A2) | Q 1)

The tactics used by the astrologer to earn his wages are...

The tactics used by the astrologer to earn his wages are...

 

Answer:-
  1. analysis of human troubles
  2. charming appearance
  3. saying pleasant things to clients
  4. practicing at a busy market place
(Q12)

(A2) | Q 2)

An astrologer's appearance helps to create an impression on his clients. Complete the following.

  1. The turban on his head
  2. ________________________
  3. ________________________
  4. ________________________
Answer:-
  1. The turban on his head
  2. Scared ash and vermilion on his forehead
  3. Eyes sparkling with sharp abnormal gleam
  4. Dark whiskers that streamed down his forehead
(Q13)

(A2) | Q 3.1)

Read the following sentence and choose the correct one.

The astrologer says that if Nayak does not leave his village again, he would _________

  • return the money

  • face danger

  • go back home and stop looking for the man who tried to kill him

  • not find the killer

Answer:-

The astrologer says that if Nayak does not leave his village again, he would face danger

(Q14)

A2) | Q 3.2 )

Read the following sentence and choose the correct one.

According to the narrator, the astrologer's success in his profession is primarily due to_________

  • luck

  • the bargains he drives

  • his appearance

  • his understanding of people

Answer:-

According to the narrator, the astrologer's success in his profession is primarily due to his understanding of people.

(Q15)

(A2) | Q 3.3)

Read the following sentence and choose the correct one.

The story suggests that the astrologer's comments and observations please people by________

  • promising them success and good fortune

  • proving, as time passes, to have been true

  • flattering them or supporting their own views

  • helping them to learn to solve their own problems

Answer:-

The story suggests that the astrologer's comments and observations please people by flattering them or supporting their own views.

(Q16)

(A2) | Q 3.4)

Read the following sentence and choose the correct one.

Guru Nayak consults the astrologer because he wants to _________

  • understand the past

  • find out who the astrologer is

  • make some money through a bet

  • get the answer to a specific question

Answer:-

Guru Nayak consults the astrologer because he wants to get the answer to a specific question.

(Q17)

(A2) | Q 3.5)

Read the following sentence and choose the correct one.

Guru Nayak is looking for the man who tried to kill him _________

  • to take revenge

  •  to get an apology

  •  to demand an explanation

  • to prove that the man was unsuccessful

Answer:-

Guru Nayak is looking for the man who tried to kill him to take revenge

(Q18)

(A2) | Q 3.6)

Read the following sentence and choose the correct one.

The astrologer's remark makes Guru Nayak feel all of the following except _________

  • relieved

  • suspicious

  • impressed

  • disappointed

Answer:-

The astrologer's remark makes Guru Nayak feel all of the following except suspicious

(Q19)

(A2) | Q 3.7)

Read the following sentence and choose the correct one.

Reactions of the astrologer's wife to his news suggest that she _________

  • was unaware of his past

  • has been worried about his safety

  •  has known him since he was young

  • is concerned about her future with him

Answer:-

Reactions of the astrologer's wife to his news suggest that she was unaware of his past

(Q20)

(A2) | Q 4.1)

Read the following sentence and find out the True and False sentence. Correct the False sentence.

The astrologer gave a correct prediction to the client about his past that he was stabbed, thrown into a well and left for dead.

  • True

  • False

Answer:-

False

The astrologer told the truth of the past to the client but it was not a prediction and merely a statement of known facts.

(Q21)

(A2) | Q 4.2 )

Read the following sentence and find out the True and False sentence. Correct the False sentence.

When the astrologer came to know that the man whom he killed is alive he felt that he was relieved of his guilt.

  • True

  • False

Answer:- True
(Q22)

(A2) | Q 4.3)

Read the following sentence and find out the True and False sentence. Correct the False sentence.

The astrologer tried to back out of the deal and talked about the client's past.

  • True

  • False

Answer:- True
(Q23)

 (A2) | Q 4.4 )

Read the following sentence and find out the True and False sentence. Correct the False sentence.

The astrologer rescued himself from Guru Nayak's revenge.

  • True

  • False

Answer:- True
(Q24)

(A2) | Q 4.5)

Read the following sentence and find out the True and False sentence. Correct the False sentence.

The moral of the story is that we must be responsible about what we have done and should not run away from our mistakes.

  • True

  • False

Answer:-

False

The story most strongly sends the message that, even though one could have committed a mistake in the past, one could cleverly try and get away with a white lie if doing so is in the good interest of everyone involved.

(Q25)

(A2) | Q 5)

The astrologer has changed his appearance and his persona when he arrived in the city. Give specific reasons.

Answer:-

The astrologer had moved out from his native village to the city after attempting to kill a man, whom he had left for dead. He had to disguise his true identity to avoid being caught. Also, he had to make a living and begin a new life in the city after absconding from his village. For these reasons, the astrologer had to change his appearance and persona when he arrived in the city.

(Q26)

(A2) | Q 6)

'The darkness load that was inside the astrologer has disappeared'. Through this sentence, explain the significance of the title 'An Astrologer's Day'.

Answer:- The sentence ‘The darkness load that was inside the astrologer has disappeared’ directly relates to the title ‘An Astrologer’s Day’. The title seems to reflect two aspects of the astrologer’s life. The first is that of a typical workday in the life of the astrologer. However, the second aspect is what the given sentence captures, i.e, the importance of the particular day in the astrologer’s life. On the said day, the astrologer found out that a man whom he had attempted to kill way back and left for dead, had actually survived. This finding must have relieved the astrologer of the guilt of committing a murder. Also, that day, the astrologer had tricked the stranger into believing that the man who had left him for dead after attempting to kill him, had himself died in an accident, and hence the latter did not have to search for him anymore to seek revenge. This must have provided the astrologer with further relief and assured him to breathe easier.
(Q27)

 (A2) | Q 7)

The astrologer feels relieved that Guru is not dead as it relieves a great burden from him. Critically justify the statement and explain it.

Answer:-

The astrologer feels relieved to discover that Guru is not dead. This is so because the astrologer had attempted to kill Guru in his early age and left him for dead. To know that Guru isn’t dead must have acquitted him of the guilt of being an assassin. Hence, it unburdened him from the prick of conscience.

 

(Q28)

(A2) | Q 7)

The astrologer feels relieved that Guru is not dead as it relieves a great burden from him. Critically justify the statement and explain it.

Answer:-

The astrologer feels relieved to discover that Guru is not dead. This is so because the astrologer had attempted to kill Guru in his early age and left him for dead. To know that Guru isn’t dead must have acquitted him of the guilt of being an assassin. Hence, it unburdened him from the prick of conscience.

(Q29)

(A2) | Q 8)

The astrologer wins/gets the sympathy of criticism of the reader in the end. Express your opinion with the support of the main story.

Answer:-

The story portrays the astrologer as a false fortune teller with no real knowledge of his ‘profession’. He attracts clients by his street-smart ways and also manages to convince them by sweet-talking to them. Moreover, he is revealed to the reader as a near-murderer towards the end of the story. However, despite all this, it’s difficult to judge the astrologer as a negative character and he rather manages to win the sympathy of the reader’s criticism. This is so because firstly, he has to make a living in the new city after he fled his village for fear of being caught. So, in the absence of any other skill, he must have had to adopt astrology as a livelihood under distress and not by choice. Secondly, he had to trick the stranger into believing that the man whom he was looking out for had already died in an accident, so as to protect his own life. Again, he can’t be judged badly on this count because he couldn’t have afforded to lose his own life at the hands of the stranger by revealing him his true identity. Since he had his wife and child to support too, it made him lie to the stranger in order to keep himself out of harm’s way.

(Q30)

(A2) | Q 9)

If we have to eradicate the superstitions and other ill practices from our society, what steps would you like to suggest?

Answer:-

In order to eradicate the superstitions and other evil practices from our society, I would first suggest taking steps to promote rational outlook amongst people. I would like to educate the masses and expose the bluff behind obscure and orthodox practices. Although I wouldn’t go all-out against all traditional practices, some of them could have a valid basis. However, I would spread awareness among everyone in my social circles to keep a scientific temper and think logically rather than blindly following superstitions. I could possibly even tell them about the reasons for which some superstitions held good in ancient ages but are no longer valid.

(Q31)

(A2) | Q 10)

In the story, astrologer has a great listening power. Listening helps in developing good relations with people. Express your opinion.

Answer:-

Listening, as differentiated from hearing, is bout consciously understanding and applying one’s mind to what is heard. As the story illustrates, being a good listener helps one to fare better in any activity that one takes up. The astrologer isn’t knowledgeable of his work but still manages to convince his customers and make his living, owing to his great listening skills. He establishes a rapport with his clients by just listening to them for a few minutes without uttering a word, while analysing their troubles and simultaneously composing his talk and answers to the clients. This helps him to mask his own shortcomings and succeed in his work, where he would otherwise not have. Hence, great listening power is a strong skillset we all should develop.

(Q32)

(A3) | Q 1)

In the story, the following characters reveal their qualities through words and actions. Pick out the words that describe them from the box and write in the appropriate columns.

shrewd clever suspicious gullible
arrogant demanding antagonistic quarrelsome
overconfident manipulative skeptical mystical
smart caring protective sharp
rational mean intuitive aggressive
worried cunning humanistic impetuous

 

Astrologer Guru Nayak Astrologer's wife
1. shrewd manipulative caring
2. ___________  ___________ ___________
3. ___________ ___________ ___________
4. ___________ ___________ ___________
Answer:-
Astrologer Guru Nayak Astrologer's wife
1. shrewd manipulative caring
2. clever demanding suspicious
3. smart antagonistic protective
4. mystical quarrelsome  
5. worried skeptical  
6. aggressive  
(Q33)

(A3) | Q 2)

Match the suffixes with the words and make nouns. One is done for you.

Word Suffix Noun
auction able  
enchant ure  
know ment  
prepare eer  
proceed ance  
appear ledge  
remark tion  
Answer:-
Word Suffix Noun
auction able auctioneer
enchant ure enchantment
know ment knowledge
prepare eer preparation
proceed ance procedure
appear ledge appearance
remark tion remarkable
(Q34)

(A3) | Q 3)

'An Astrologer's Day' has ironic elements where the astrologer pretends to have 'supernatural knowledge' that coincidently turns out to be the truth. Irony means a situation or statement characterized by a significant difference between what is expected and what actually happens, or between what is understood and what is meant. Find out the examples of irony from the story and write them down. One has been done for you.

  1. He knew no more of what was going to happen to others than he knew what was going to happen to himself the next minute.
  2. ______________________________________
  3. ______________________________________
Answer:-
  1. He knew no more of what was going to happen to others than he knew what was going to happen to himself the next minute.
  2. The stranger consults the astrologer to know about the man who had attempted to kill him many years ago and the astrologer himself happens to be the culprit!
  3. The astrologer has no real knowledge of his work but he succeeds in making a living from it.
(Q35)

(A3) | Q 4)

In the story, many Indian words are used.

'Cowrie shells'. This is an example of code-mixing.

Find out other such words from the story and write them down.

Answer:-

Cheroot, Pies, Jutka, , Pyol, Annas

(Q36)

(A3) | Q 5.1)

There are some phrases where the word crown is used with different shades of meaning. Use the following phrases to complete the sentences meaningfully.

The works of Shakespeare are the __________ of English drama.

  • crowning achievement

  • crown of thorns

  • crowning glory

  • to crown it all

Answer:-

The works of Shakespeare are the crowning glory of English drama.

(Q37)

(A3) | Q 5.2)

There are some phrases where the word crown is used with different shades of meaning. Use the following phrases to complete the sentences meaningfully.

Amitabh has given us awesome movies throughout five decades. But his _______ is his performance in the movie ‘Black’.

  • crowning achievement

  • crown of thorns

  • crowning glory

  • to crown it all

Answer:-

Amitabh has given us awesome movies throughout five decades. But his crowning achievement is his performance in the movie ‘Black’.

(Q38)

 (A3) | Q 5.3)

There are some phrases where the word crown is used with different shades of meaning. Use the following phrases to complete the sentences meaningfully.

In her pursuit of success, Radha has distanced herself from her family. Her fame has become a real _______.

  • crowning achievement

  • crown of thorns

  • crowning glory

  • to crown it all

Answer:-

In her pursuit of success, Radha has distanced herself from her family. Her fame has become a real crown of thorns.

(Q39)

(A3) | Q 5.4)

There are some phrases where the word crown is used with different shades of meaning. Use the following phrases to complete the sentences meaningfully.

They threw a wonderful party for me with costumes, games and _______ my favourite kind of ice cream.

  • crowning achievement

  • crown of thorns

  • crowning glory

  • to crown it all

Answer:-

They threw a wonderful party for me with costumes, games and to crown it all my favourite kind of ice cream.

(Q40)

(A3) | Q 5.5)

There are some phrases where the word crown is used with different shades of meaning. Use the following phrases to complete the sentences meaningfully.

Medical science has great inventions, but organ transplantation is definitely a _______ for human beings.

  • crowning achievement

  • crown of thorns

  • crowning glory

  • to crown it all

Answer:-

Medical science has great inventions, but organ transplantation is definitely a crowning achievement for human beings.